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The Supreme Court of Appeal (Court of Cassation) was founded as “Meclisi Vala-yı Ahkam-ı Adliye” (Higher Assembly of Judicial Verdicts) in 1837 by Sultan Mahmut II; then during the reign of Sultan Abdulaziz the court of appeal was created on 6 March 1868 as “Mahkeme Meclis-i Ahkam-ı Adliye” (Court Assembly of Judicial Verdicts); and the court of appeals was renamed as “YARGITAY” (Supreme Court of Appeal, in other words “Court of Cassation”) by the Law No.4695 of 10.01.1945.

The General Prosecution Office of the Supreme Court of Appeal was incorporated in the Supreme Court of Appeal, and renamed as “Yargıtay Cumhuriyet Başsavcılığı” (General Prosecution Office of the Supreme Court of Appeal) following the proclamation of the Republic.

Since its establishment the General Prosecution Office of the Supreme Court of Appeal has been one of the indispensable elements of the Turkish judicial system. It plays an active role in the uniform application of the law and the realization of criminal justice all across the country. With the knowledge and the experience of its prosecutors, the General Prosecution Office has been a leading institution in criminal jurisprudence in Turkey.